Tuesday, 23 August 2011


In malaysia,we have many festival.for example such as colourfull festival usually heading at dataran merdeka with invited the prime minister,miniters,vvip and vip.

next,we also have fora festival which is all flower from any place will show to all people.All beautifull flower showed to all.that flora festival officiated  by the general of malaysia.

finally,my place at sabah,they have different festival from other place that is LEPA-LEPA FESTIVAL.

in sabah east cost bajau community dialect,lepa means 'boat'.The lepa boat is a culturallegacy inherite by bajau people from many generation ago. the axistence of lepa is believed to originate from fishing community who live in bum bum island and used by the pa'lau people along the coast of semporna.


Frogs are amphibians. Most frogs are characterized by a short body, webbed digits (fingers or toes), protruding eyes and the absence of a tail. Frogs are widely known as exceptional jumpers, and many of the anatomical characteristics of frogs, particularly their long, powerful legs, are adaptations to improve jumping performance. Due to their permeable skin, frogs are often semi-aquatic or inhabit humid areas, but move easily on land. They typically lay their eggs in puddles, ponds or lakes, and their larvae, called tadpoles, have gills and develop in water. Adult frogs follow a carnivorous diet, mostly of arthropods, annelids and gastropods. Frogs are most noticeable by their call, which can be widely heard during the night or day, mainly in their mating season.
The distribution of frogs ranges from tropic to subarctic regions, but most species are found in tropical rainforests. Consisting of more than 5,000 species described, they are among the most diverse groups of vertebrates. However, populations of certain frog species are declining significantly.
A popular distinction is often made between frogs and toads on the basis of their appearance, but this has no taxonomic basis. (Members of the anuran family Bufonidae are called true toads, but many species from other families are also called toads.) In addition to their ecological importance, frogs have many cultural roles, such as in literature, symbolism and religion, and they are also valued as food and as pets.


Crabs typically walk sideways(a behaviour which gives us the word crabwise). This is because of the articulation of the legs which makes a sidelong gait more efficient.However, some crabs walk forwards or backwards, including raninids, Libinia emarginata and Mictyris platycheles. Some crabs, notably the Portunidae and Matutidae, are also capable of swimming.
Crabs are mostly active animals with complex behaviour patterns. They can communicate by drumming or waving their pincers. Crabs tend to be aggressive towards one another and males often fight to gain access to females.On rocky seashores, where nearly all caves and crevices are occupied, crabs may also fight over hiding holes.
Crabs are omnivores, feeding primarily on algae, and taking any other food, including molluscs, worms, other crustaceans, fungi, bacteria and detritus, depending on their availability and the crab species. For many crabs, a mixed diet of plant and animal matter results in the fastest growth and greatest fitness.Crabs are known to work together to provide food and protection for their family, and during mating season to find a comfortable spot for the female to release her eggs.

Sunday, 21 August 2011


The body of a decapod crustacean, such as a crab, lobster, or prawn, is made up of nineteen body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax, and the abdomen. Each segment may possess one pair of appendages, although in various groups these may be reduced or missing. The cephalothorax is covered by a carapace, which protects the internal organs and the gills; the section of the carapace that projects in front of the eyes is called the rostrum.
On average, crayfish grow to 7.5 centimeters in length. Cambarellus diminutus of the south-eastern United States reaches only about 2.5 centimeters in length, while Astacopsis gouldi of Tasmania may reach 40 centimeters in length and weigh about 3.5 kilograms
Crayfish have a tough exoskeleton, which protects them, but they must molt in order to grow, leaving them vulnerable during this time. The crayfish regularly gets too big for its skeleton, sheds it, and grows a new larger one. Such molting occurs six to ten times during the first year of rapid growth, but less often during the second year. For a few days following each molt, crayfish have soft exoskeletons and are more vulnerable to predators.
Crayfish have two pairs of sensory antennae on the head, and the eyes are on movable stalks. On the thorax or pereon, there are four pairs of walking legs and one pair of pereiopods armed with a claw (pinchers). On the abdomen, or pleon, there are pleopods (also called swimmerets), which are primarily swimming legs. At the end of the pleon is the tail fan, comprising a pair of biramous uropods and the telson, which bears the anus. Together, they are used for steering while swimming, and in the caridoid escape reaction. When they are in danger and need to flee, crayfish can swim backwards quickly by curling and uncurling their abdomen. They breathe through feather-like gills.

Monday, 25 July 2011




if I am a big orchard trees which is have been cut , i will feel very sad and pain because i am dying. it also , I will feel sad because I no longer can protect other plants and animals from the sun ligth, and holds the heat at night. because of the forestations the earth to be dry and thirsty ground.


for animal that taking shelter on me will lose their habitat and they had to find new, if not, they will face the risk of being died. If deforestation continues to run they never can find a new place that safe for them to survive, in the study, if deforestation still run, 70% of earth land animals and plants live in forest, and many cannot survive because deforestation that destroys their homes..


this is will be  happen surroundings after in clear-cutting  all tree stems over some minimum diameter are cut and stemwood is remove, and then the site is either replanted with tree seedlings,or natural revegetation is allowed to occur.


The major variants of this practice include whole. tree harvest and complete forest removal ( in which other part of the trees in addition to just stem wood are removed) and slash burning (in which the debris remaining on site after logging is burned. In this situation, the environment will change on Temperature, Water and Erosion also effect on Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulphur. The most dramatic impact is a loss of habitat for million on species.


I want to give some message to those who are still cutting down trees out there, we should be aware that the trees produce oxygen and we breathe, if the tree is felled, air pollution will continue to occur, and all organisms living in the forest and also people around the settlements in the forest will suffer. let us together stop cutting down trees, because trees like the majestic great for living organisms around it. because without trees, all organisms to stay and it will die because of habitat loss. on the other hand, will cause landslides and ecology. we need trees for oxygen. We are slowly killing ourselves. So save the trees.

Wednesday, 29 June 2011


   Ella enchanted is one of fairy tail story.Ella is a special baby which is have a special give from her fairy god mother is obedience to everything who want to order to her.But,from the gift,she is very suffering to continue her life.She must obey to everything order are given to her.
   Ella is born into an ordinary household.Her mother is a fairy.and mandy her aunty living together at their house.When ella was young,her mother fall sick and die.then,a few years ago,Her father remarries.her stepmother named dame olga and her daughters name Hattie and Olive.They was so cruel and have a bad attitude that they are knowns that ella is obey averything order are given to her.Then,her stepsiblings start to make bad think to ella.
   After that,prince Char comes to their town with her uncle who is temporary king.but,Ella don’t like Char because the rules his uncle making and think is Char is like her uncle.Then,they meets again when char run from crazy girls to want him and after the incident,they know each other.
   One day,ella decides to find her fairy god mother and want to ask her to take away the that witch.then,Mandy give a book to her and tell that is her boyfriend.the can able to show ella a picture of anyone and shoe the maps.from that book,He can help ella to find Lucinda.she go on the journey to find Lucinda and its be frusted when the place Lucinda live tell that Lucinda moved other place.But she was meet Char and he took ella to his castle because there also many information.Then ella was meet char uncle and his uncle knows averything about ella from her step siblings.The uncle ordered ella to kill Char at the ball dancing room he’s uncle made.Ella is very upset and tell to Slannen her friend to chain her to big tree at the middle of town.But,Lucinda comes that time and unchained Ella to suggest go to the ballroom.
   At the ballroom,char supposed ella to marry and that time ella already with knife to kill char,but when they kissed,the witch is gone and char saw ella with knife then he misunderstand with this.He don’t want to to heard everythings what ella day,When they made royal coronations day,his uncle planned something to kill Char and hope he can becomes king.but,ella told everything to Char and finally Char believed with Ella and the last Ella and Prince Char married together…….=)

Monday, 6 June 2011


As we know,in modern era,still have some community still believe with other superstitions..
before we go to far,let me know u what is mean superstition...

Superstition is a credulous belief or notion, not based on reason or knowledge. The word is often used pejoratively to refer to folk beliefs deemed irrational. This leads to some superstitions being called "old wives' tales". It is also commonly applied to beliefs and practices surrounding luck, prophecy and spiritual beings, particularly the belief that future events can be foretold by specific unrelated prior events.
sabah below the wind

as we know.every country have their own superstition..same with my country is sabah..
sabah have many own superstition..
example as flower shower,head hunter,belief for gunung kinabalu and more..
let we know about my country superstition...

in sabah,have many different ethnic..
we have ethnic bajau,kadazan,dusun,kedayan,brunei,and more..
but ethnic kadazan dusun is the largest etnic at sabah..
they have many own belief..but i just story one of them..
kadazandusun ethnic
its about the legend of gunung kinabalu....

The Mount Kinabalu being a significant feature in the life of the early Kadazan/Dusun, also has a variety of legend and superstitions attached to it.One of popular legends of Mount Kinabalu is about the dragon who lived at the top of Mount Kinabalu, who was said to have a ‘Butiza’, a lunimous jewel a bezoar stone, which he used as his lamp and plaything.On moonlight night the people of Ranau and Tamparuli places would look up at Kinabalu and they saw the bright gem being tossed up and caught again and again on the dragon’s forked tongue.The story about this dragon luminous jewel, spred beyond the seas, even as far as China. The Emperor who heard about it was determined to get possessions of the jewel.

finish about Mountant Kinabalu,we go to other supertition..
this belief is little bit crime..haha
this called 'pengait' or head hunter.. 

In ancient times human skull was also associated with the story of the "hook" or in English as "head hunter" a call to the headhunters to be married or lending as a sign of heroism. The authenticity of the story hook is uncertain because there is no hard evidence of it, maybe it was just a legend or just a story of stories penglipurlara alone.
The story is a bit scary and it raise the hairs are rapidly sinking swallowed era, a story "hook" and the stories of headhunters rarely heard anymore in any of the state.
The story "hook" in the past been recognized as an ancient culture that was practiced by tribes, although not as powerful as the story Rungus the Murut in Sabah in the 16th century until the 17th. Many believe the sources of the oral stories passed down from generation to generation, even in modern times that very day there still believe the story of taking a human head supposedly for the purpose of paying ransom to the waiters in the place of organized development, especially the bridge.

this head for build the bridge

and finally is about belief at area kota belud..
at sabah called 'balan-balan' and here called 'penanggal'.
let we know about history or superstition of ' scare..

The Penanggalan or 'Hantu Penanggal' is a peculiar variation of the vampire myth that apparently began in the Malay Peninsula, or Balan-balan in Sabah. See also the Manananggal, a similar creature of Filipino folklore. "Penanggal" or "Penanggalan" literally means "detach" or "remove". Both terms — Manananggal and Penanggal — may carry the same meaning due to both languages being grouped or having a common root under the Austronesian language family, though the two creatures are culturally distinct in appearance and behavior.There are similar myths of creatures with almost exactly the same features among the Balinese of Indonesia, where it is called the Leyak, in Thailand where it is called the Krasue, in Laos where it is the Kasu or Phi-Kasu and in Cambodia where it is the Ap.According to the folklore of that region, the Penanggalan is a detached female head capable of flying about on its own. As it flies, the stomach and entrails dangle below it, and these organs twinkle like fireflies as the Penanggalan moves through the night.Due to the common theme of Penanggal being the result of active use of black magic or supernatural means, a Penanggal cannot be readily classified as a classical undead being. The creature is, for all intents and purposes, a living human being during daytime (much like the Japanese Nukekubi) or at any time when it does not detach itself from its body.

this called balan-balan